Abstract Class in Java

  • A class that is marked with abstract keyword, is known as abstract class in java.

  • Abstract can have abstract and non-abstract methods (method with body).

  • A method that doesn't have its definition is called abstract method, and to declare a method as abstract use keyword abstract.

    Syntax :

    abstract return-type method-name(arg-list);
  • If Any class contains direct or indirect ( through parent ), one or more abstract method, that class must be declared as abstract.

  • An abstract class cannot have objects because it is not complete, but it can have references.

  • Static methods and constructors cannot be declared as abstract.

    abstract static void show();prowessapps.in
  • A concrete method can be overridden to become abstract.

  • It is illegal to declare a class and method both final and abstract.

    abstract final void show();prowessapps.in
    abstract final class Test {}
 //abstract class
abstract class Shape
 //abstract method
 abstract double area();

//concrete method
 void displayDetail()
  System.out.println("Details of Shape");
class Square extends Shape
 double side;
//Overriding the abstract method.
 double area() 
  return side*side;

USE : A super class that only defines a generalized form that will be shared by all its sub classes, leaving the implementation details to its subclasses is said to an abstract class.

Example :

Example to understand the concept :
abstract class Animal
 abstract void talk();
class Dog extends Animal
  void talk()
class Cat extends Animal
  void talk()
class MainClass
  public static void main(String[] args)
//ERROR, can not create object
   Animal ob = new Animal();

//can have references
    Animal ob1,ob2;

//Dynamic Polymorphism
    ob1 = new Dog();
    ob2 = new Cat();
OUTPUT : if error remove


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