Introduction of C++

  • C++ is a general purpose programming language.

  • C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 at AT & T Bell Labs.

  • This new programming language was initially named C with Classes, but was later renamed to C++ (++ refers to the increment operator in C).

  • C++ supports “Object Oriented Programming” approach.

  • C++ is an extension of the C language as an efficient and flexible language similar to C.

  • C++ source code/file saves with .cpp extension. (eg: filename.cpp).

Benefits of C++ over C Language

The major difference being OOPS concept, C++ is an object oriented language whereas C language is a procedural language. Apart form this there are many other features of C++ which gives this language an upper hand on C laguage.

  • Following features of C++ makes it a stronger language than C,

  • There is Stronger Type Checking in C++.

  • All the OOPS features in C++ like Abstraction, Encapsulation, Inheritance etc makes it more worthy and useful for programmers.

  • C++ supports and allows user defined operators (i.e Operator Overloading) and function overloading is also supported in it.

  • Exception Handling is there in C++.

  • The Concept of Virtual functions and also Constructors and Destructors for Objects.

  • Inline Functions in C++ instead of Macros in C language. Inline functions make complete function body act like Macro, safely.

  • Variables can be declared anywhere in the program in C++, but must be declared before they are used.

Next topic is Environment Setup


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